INDIANAPOLIS, Nov. 9, 2017 /PRNewswire/ — Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY) today announced new data showing that treatment with FORTEO® for 24 months was associated with significantly fewer vertebral and clinical fractures (a composite of painful vertebral and non-vertebral fractures) compared with risedronate, a widely used oral bisphosphonate, in postmenopausal women with severe osteoporosis in the VERO clinical trial. Study results are published in the November 9 issue of The Lancet.1
Results from the study’s primary endpoint showed that at 24 months, fewer patients taking FORTEO® had new vertebral fractures as compared to patients taking risedronate (5.4% vs. 12.0%, p <0.0001).
The two year randomized, double-blind, double-dummy clinical trial compared subcutaneous daily teriparatide (20 μg) with oral weekly risedronate (35 mg) in 1,360 women with at least two moderate or one severe vertebral fracture and low bone mass.
“The VERO study data reinforces the efficacy of FORTEO® in reducing fractures and can help physicians make informed prescribing decisions,” said David L. Kendler, Professor of Endocrinology in the University of British Columbia, Vancouver and first author of the article.
This is the first trial in osteoporosis research that has shown a significant fracture reduction outcome as a primary endpoint in a head-to-head, active-drug comparative study.
After 24 months of treatment:
- New vertebral fractures occurred in 5.4% of patients in the teriparatide group, as compared with 12.0% in the risedronate group after 24 months (a relative risk reduction of 56%; p<0.001).
- The reduction in new vertebral fractures with teriparatide was observed as early as 12 months of treatment, with 3.1% of patients in the teriparatide group compared with 6.0% in the risedronate group having had at least one new vertebral fracture (a relative risk reduction of 48%; p<0.05).
- New and worsening vertebral fractures occurred in 6.0% of the patients in the teriparatide group, as compared with 12.9% of the patients in the risedronate group (a relative risk reduction of 54%; p<0.001).
- Clinical fractures (a composite endpoint of non-vertebral plus painful vertebral fractures) occurred in 4.8% of patients in the teriparatide group, compared with 9.8% in the risedronate group (a relative risk reduction of 52%; p<0.001).
- No statistically significant difference between groups in the incidence of non-vertebral fractures was observed: non-vertebral fragility fractures occurred in 4.0% of patients in the teriparatide group and 6.1% in the risedronate group (p=0.10).
- There were no statistically significant differences between treatment groups in the change from baseline in back pain and quality of life, although both groups showed an improvement compared to baseline.
- Adverse events and safety laboratory findings were consistent with the known safety profile of each drug. More patients treated with teriparatide had at least one high value of serum calcium or uric acid, and lower levels of serum magnesium and vitamin D.
FORTEO® is a prescription medication used in both men and postmenopausal women with osteoporosis who are at high risk for having broken bones, or fractures.2 FORTEO® is used in both men and women with osteoporosis due to use of glucocorticoid medicines, such as prednisone, for several months, who are at high risk for having broken bones, or fractures. FORTEO® can be used by people who have had a fracture related to osteoporosis, or who have several risk factors for fracture, or who cannot use other osteoporosis treatments.
During the drug testing process, the medicine in FORTEO® caused some rats to develop osteosarcoma, which, in humans, is a serious but rare bone cancer. Osteosarcoma has been reported rarely in people who took FORTEO®, and it is unknown if people who take FORTEO® have a higher chance of getting the disease. Before patients take FORTEO®, patients should tell their healthcare provider if they have Paget’s disease of bone, are a child or young adult whose bones are still growing or have had radiation therapy. For more information about FORTEO®, please see the important safety information, including Boxed Warning regarding osteosarcoma, below.
About the Study “Effects of 24 months treatment of teriparatide compared with risedronate on new fractures in postmenopausal women with severe osteoporosis: a randomized, double-dummy, clinical trial” (Study B3D-EW-GHDW [VERO Study]) was a Phase 4, multinational, multicenter, prospective, randomized, parallel, active comparator, clinical trial.
The primary endpoint was the incidence of new vertebral fractures after two years assessed by quantitative morphometry. Secondary outcomes were clinical fractures, non-vertebral fractures, other spine fractures endpoints, height loss, back pain, quality of life (EQ-5D) and safety. Adverse events and safety laboratory findings were consistent with the known safety profile of each drug.
1,360 patients were randomized to receive either teriparatide 20 μg/day injection (FORTEO®) plus weekly oral placebo or oral risedronate 35 mg/week plus daily placebo injection for a 24-month, double-blind, double dummy treatment phase in study sites from 14 participant countries in Europe, North America (USA and Canada) and South America (Argentina and Brazil). Patients were postmenopausal women over 45 years of age with a BMD T-score <-1.5 standard deviations at the femoral neck, total hip or lumbar spine, and at least two moderate or one severe prevalent vertebral fragility fractures.
Overall, 72·1% of patients had received at least one prior osteoporosis medication, most commonly a bisphosphonate.
Important Safety Information about FORTEO
Read this Medication Guide before you start taking FORTEO and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. Also, read the User Manual that comes with the FORTEO delivery device (pen) for information on how to use the device to inject your medicine the right way. This Medication Guide does not take the place of talking with your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment.
What is the most important information I should know about FORTEO?
- Possible bone cancer. During drug testing, the medicine in FORTEO caused some rats to develop a bone cancer called osteosarcoma. In people, osteosarcoma is a serious but rare cancer. Osteosarcoma has rarely been reported in people who took FORTEO. It is not known if people who take FORTEO have a higher chance of getting osteosarcoma.
- You should not take FORTEO for more than 2 years over your lifetime.
- There is a voluntary Patient Registry for people who take FORTEO. The purpose of the registry is to collect information about the possible risk of osteosarcoma in people who take FORTEO. For information about how to sign up for this patient registry, call 1-866-382-6813 or go to forteoregistry.rti.org.
What is FORTEO?
- FORTEO is a prescription medicine that is like a hormone made by the body called parathyroid hormone or PTH. FORTEO may help to form new bone, increase bone mineral density and bone strength.
- FORTEO can lessen the number of fractures of the spine and other bones in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.
- The effect on fractures has not been studied in men.
- FORTEO is used in both men and postmenopausal women with osteoporosis who are at high risk for having fractures. FORTEO can be used by people who have had a fracture related to osteoporosis, or who have several risk factors for fracture, or who can not use other osteoporosis treatments.
- FORTEO is used in both men and women with osteoporosis due to use of glucocorticoid medicines, such as prednisone, for several months, who are at high risk for having broken bones (fractures). These include men and women with either a history of broken bones, who have several risk factors for fracture, or who can not use other osteoporosis treatments.
It is not known if FORTEO is safe and effective in children. FORTEO should not be used in children and young adults whose bones are still growing.
Who should not use FORTEO?
Do not use FORTEO if you:
- are allergic to any of the ingredients in FORTEO. See the end of this Medication Guide for a complete list of the ingredients in FORTEO.
What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking FORTEO? Before you take FORTEO, tell your healthcare provider if you:
- have the condition listed in the section “Who should not use FORTEO?”
- have Paget’s disease or other bone disease
- have cancer in your bones
- have trouble injecting yourself and do not have someone who can help you
- are a child or young adult whose bones are still growing
- have or have had kidney stones
- have had radiation therapy
- have or had too much calcium in your blood
- have any other medical conditions
- are pregnant or thinking about becoming pregnant. It is not known if FORTEO will harm your unborn baby.
- are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed. It is not known if FORTEO passes into your breast milk. You and your doctor should decide if you will take FORTEO or breast feed. You should not do both.
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Your healthcare provider needs this information to help keep you from taking FORTEO with other medicines that may harm you.
- Especially tell your doctor if you take medicines that contain digoxin (Digoxin*, Lanoxicaps*, Lanoxin*).
How should I use FORTEO?
- Inject FORTEO one time each day in your thigh or abdomen (lower stomach area). Talk to a healthcare provider about how to rotate injection sites.
- Before you try to inject FORTEO yourself, a healthcare provider should teach you how to use the FORTEO delivery device to give your injection the right way.
- Read the detailed User Manual at the end of this Medication Guide.
- You can take FORTEO with or without food or drink.
- The FORTEO delivery device has enough medicine for 28 days. It is set to give a 20 microgram dose of medicine each day. Do not inject all the medicine in the FORTEO delivery device at any one time.
- Do not transfer the medicine from the FORTEO delivery device to a syringe. This can result in taking the wrong dose of FORTEO. If you do not have pen needles to use with your FORTEO delivery device, talk with your healthcare provider.
- FORTEO should look clear and colorless. Do not use FORTEO if it has particles in it, or if it is cloudy or colored.
- Inject FORTEO right away after you take the delivery device out of the refrigerator.
- After each use, safely remove the needle, recap the delivery device, and put it back in the refrigerator right away.
- You can take FORTEO at any time of the day. To help you remember to take FORTEO, take it at about the same time each day.
- If you forget or cannot take FORTEO at your usual time, take it as soon as you can on that day. Do not take more than one injection in the same day.
- If you take more FORTEO than prescribed, call your healthcare provider. If you take too much FORTEO, you may have nausea, vomiting, weakness, or dizziness.
Follow your healthcare provider’s instructions about other ways you can help your osteoporosis, such as exercise, diet, and reducing or stopping your use of tobacco and alcohol. If your healthcare provider recommends calcium and vitamin D supplements, you can take them at the same time you take FORTEO.
What are the possible side effects of FORTEO?
FORTEO can cause serious side effects including:
- See “What is the most important information I should know about FORTEO?”
- Decrease in blood pressure when you change positions. Some people feel dizzy, get a fast heartbeat, or feel faint right after the first few doses. This usually happens within 4 hours of taking FORTEO and goes away within a few hours. For the first few doses, take your injections of FORTEO in a place where you can sit or lie down right away if you get these symptoms. If your symptoms get worse or do not go away, stop taking FORTEO and call your healthcare provider.
- Increased calcium in your blood. Tell your healthcare provider if you have nausea, vomiting, constipation, low energy, or muscle weakness. These may be signs there is too much calcium in your blood.
Common side effects of FORTEO include:
- joint aches
Your healthcare provider may take samples of blood and urine during treatment to check your response to FORTEO. Also, your healthcare provider may ask you to have follow-up tests of bone mineral density.
Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
These are not all the possible side effects of FORTEO. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
How should I store FORTEO?
- Keep your FORTEO delivery device in the refrigerator between 36° to 46°F (2° to 8°C).
- Do not freeze the FORTEO delivery device. Do not use FORTEO if it has been frozen.
- Do not use FORTEO after the expiration date printed on the delivery device and packaging.
- Throw away the FORTEO delivery device after 28 days even if it has medicine in it (see the User Manual).
- Keep FORTEO and all medicines out of the reach of children.
General information about FORTEO
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use FORTEO for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give FORTEO to other people, even if they have the same condition you have.
This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about FORTEO. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about FORTEO that is written for healthcare professionals. For more information, go to www.FORTEO.com or call Lilly at 1-866-436-7836.
What are the ingredients in FORTEO?
Active ingredient: teriparatide
Inactive ingredients: glacial acetic acid, sodium acetate (anhydrous), mannitol, metacresol, and water for injection. In addition, hydrochloric acid solution 10% and/or sodium hydroxide solution 10% may have been added to adjust the product to pH 4.
What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become thin and weak, increasing the chance of having a broken bone. Osteoporosis usually causes no symptoms until a fracture happens. The most common fractures are in the spine (backbone). They can shorten height, even without causing pain. Over time, the spine can become curved or deformed and the body bent over. Fractures from osteoporosis can also happen in almost any bone in the body, for example, the wrist, rib, or hip. Once you have had a fracture, the chance for more fractures greatly increases.
The following risk factors increase your chance of getting fractures from osteoporosis:
- past broken bones from osteoporosis
- very low bone mineral density (BMD)
- frequent falls
- limited movement, such as using a wheelchair
- medical conditions likely to cause bone loss, such as some kinds of arthritis
- taking steroid medicines called glucocorticoids, such as prednisone
- other medicines that may cause bone loss, for example: seizure medicines (such as phenytoin), blood thinners (such as heparin), and high doses of vitamin A
This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. *The brands listed are trademarks of their respective owners and are not trademarks of Eli Lilly and Company.
For more safety information, please see Medication Guide (http://pi.lilly.com/us/forteo-medguide.pdf) and Prescribing Information (http://pi.lilly.com/us/forteo-pi.pdf) in the USA or the Summary of Product Characteristics EU (http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/EPAR_-_Product_Information/human/000425/WC500027994.pdf), including Boxed Warning regarding osteosarcoma. Please see full user manual that accompanies the delivery device.
About Eli Lilly and Company Lilly is a global healthcare leader that unites caring with discovery to make life better for people around the world. We were founded more than a century ago by a man committed to creating high-quality medicines that meet real needs, and today we remain true to that mission in all our work. Across the globe, Lilly employees work to discover and bring life-changing medicines to those who need them, improve the understanding and management of disease, and give back to communities through philanthropy and volunteerism. To learn more about Lilly, please visit us at www.lilly.com and newsroom.lilly.com/social-channels.
FORTEO® is a registered trademark of Eli Lilly and Company
This press release contains forward-looking statements (as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995) about FORTEO as a potential treatment for patients with severe osteoporosis, and reflects Lilly’s current belief. However, as with any pharmaceutical product, there are substantial risks and uncertainties in the process of development and commercialization. Among other things, there can be no guarantee that future study results will be consistent with the results to date or that FORTEO will continue to be commercially successful. For further discussion of these and other risks and uncertainties, see Lilly’s most recent Form 10-K and Form 10-Q filings with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Except as required by law, Lilly undertakes no duty to update forward-looking statements to reflect events after the date of this release.
1 The Lancet, Effects of teriparatide and risedronate on new fractures in post-menopausal women with severe osteoporosis (VERO): a multicentre, double-blind, double-dummy, randomized controlled trial. http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(17)32137-2/fulltext?elsca1=tlxpr. Accessed November 9, 2017. 2 FORTEO PI. Available at http://pi.lilly.com/us/forteo-pi.pdf