PHILADELPHIA–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Cabaletta Bio, Inc. (Nasdaq: CABA), a clinical-stage biotechnology company focused on the discovery and development of engineered T cell therapies for patients with B cell-mediated autoimmune diseases, today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Fast Track Designation for DSG3-CAART (Desmoglein 3 Chimeric AutoAntibody Receptor T cells), the Company’s lead product candidate for treatment of mucosal pemphigus vulgaris (mPV), for improving healing of mucosal blisters in patients with mPV.
“We believe that this Fast Track Designation, coming shortly after the Orphan Drug Designation for DSG3-CAART, further demonstrates that mPV is a devastating, rare disease for which patients have limited treatment options resulting in a large unmet need. The Fast Track Designation represents an important next step in our clinical development plans,” said David J. Chang, M.D., Chief Medical Officer of Cabaletta. “We appreciate the benefits provided by this designation, including the opportunity for increased access to the FDA and potential acceleration of our clinical development path and regulatory review process.”
DSG3-CAART is designed to specifically target the cause of mPV, B cells that express pathogenic autoantibodies directed against the DSG3 protein, while preserving normal B cell immune function. The Company plans to initiate its Phase 1 DesCAARTes™ trial to evaluate the safety and tolerability of DSG3-CAART in relapsed and/or refractory patients in 2020. DSG3-CAART is based on technology licensed from and has been developed in collaboration with the University of Pennsylvania.
About Fast Track Designation
The FDA grants Fast Track Designation to drugs or biologics to facilitate the expedited development and review for therapeutics intended to treat serious or life-threatening conditions and to address unmet medical needs. Companies that receive Fast Track Designation are eligible for several potential benefits including the opportunity for more frequent meetings and interactions with the FDA during clinical development as well as eligibility for accelerated approval and/or priority review, if relevant criteria are met. Companies may also be allowed to submit sections of their Biologics License Application (BLA) on a rolling basis.
About Pemphigus Vulgaris
PV is a rare autoimmune blistering disease that is characterized by the loss of adhesion between cells of the skin or mucous membranes. PV is caused by the production of autoantibodies that disrupt structural proteins within the skin and/or mucosa that connect with other proteins to enable the skin and/or mucosal cells to connect with each other. The autoantibodies can target desmoglein 3 (DSG3) and/or desmoglein 1 (DSG1), which are primarily expressed in the mucosal membranes and skin, respectively. mPV is characterized by autoantibodies against DSG3 only whereas mucocutaneous PV (mcPV) is characterized by autoantibodies against DSG3 and DSG1.
About CAAR T Cell Investigational Therapy
Chimeric AutoAntibody Receptor (CAAR) T cells are designed to selectively bind and eliminate only disease-causing B cells, while sparing the normal B cells that are essential for human health. CAAR T cells are based on the chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell technology. While CAR T cells typically contain a CD19-targeting molecule, CAAR T cells express an autoantibody-targeted antigen on their surface. The co-stimulatory domain and the signaling domain of both a CAR T cell and a CAAR T cell carry out the same activation and cytotoxic functions. Thus, Cabaletta’s CAARs are designed to direct the patient’s T cells to kill only the pathogenic cells that express disease-causing autoantibodies on their surface, potentially leading to complete and durable remission of disease while sparing all other B cell populations that provide beneficial immunity from infection.
About Cabaletta Bio
Cabaletta Bio is a clinical-stage biotechnology company focused on the discovery and development of engineered T cell therapies for patients with B cell-mediated autoimmune diseases. The Cabaletta Approach to selective B cell Ablation (CABA) platform, in combination with Cabaletta’s proprietary technology, utilizes Chimeric AutoAntibody Receptor (CAAR) T cells that are designed to selectively bind and eliminate only specific autoantibody-producing B cells while sparing normal antibody-producing B cells, which are essential for human health. The Company’s lead product candidate, DSG3-CAART, is in development as a potential treatment for a prototypical B cell-mediated autoimmune disease, mucosal pemphigus vulgaris. For more information, visit www.cabalettabio.com.